HYH Article Breakdown – Infrared light therapy could help people living with dementia, scientists say

Infrared light therapy could help people living with dementia, scientists say

Samuel Osborne – Sky News

How did they find out?

Article covers a pilot study investigating the utility of a helmet that emits infrared beams on cognition. 14 healthy people were given the helmet to use twice a day for a month, 13 people were given a dummy helmet. Thse using the helmet had improvements in performance in motor function, memory and brain processing speed. The study was not carried out in people living with dementia.

Who said so?

Dr. Gordon Dougal of Maculume ltd who designed the helmet – major conflict of interest that is not covered in the article. Also, Dr Paul Chazot of Durham University. Original research article is published in the journal Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine And Laser Surgery but not linked. Article is not Open Access.

Who else agrees?

No quotes from an independent party

HYH Article Breakdown – Elephants born without tusks in ‘evolutionary response’ to violent poachers

Elephants born without tusks in ‘evolutionary response’ to violent poachers

Will Brown – The Telegraph

How did they find out?

No specific study cited or linked and no specific methods but appears to be survey covering elephants in Gorongosa National Park in central Mozambique. Study shows tusklessness has become more common in elephants and this may be due to gene mutations. Original research article eventually discovered published in Science – DOI: 10.1126/science.abe7389

Who said so?

Robert Pringle at Princeton University. No mention of original research article.

Who else agrees?

No independent quotes

HYH Article Breakdown – Pfizer says its COVID-19 vaccine is safe and works well for kids ages 5–11

Pfizer says its COVID-19 vaccine is safe and works well for kids ages 5–11

Tina Hesman Saey – ScienceNews

How did they find out?

Press Release from Pfizer and BioNTech reporting prelininary data from trials conducted in children age 5-11. Trial enrolled up to 4,500 children ages 6 months to 11 years of age in the United States, Finland, Poland, and Spain from more than 90 clinical trial sites.

Who said so?

Pfizer and BioNTech – producers of the vaccine. Results are not yet published or peer-reviewed.

Who else agrees?

“That preliminary report is promising” – Debbie-Ann Shirley, a pediatric infectious diseases doctor at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville and medical director of the COVID-19 clinic

HYH Article Breakdown – Cold Showers Allegedly Have Health Benefits. Here’s The Actual Science

Cold Showers Allegedly Have Health Benefits. Here’s The Actual Science

LINDSAY BOTTOMS – The Conversation – Sciencelert.com

How did they find out?

Multiple studies covered in articles including large-scale intervention studies, small-scale mechanistic studies and reviews. All published in peer-reviewed journals.

Who said so?

Academic at University of Hertfordshire. Links are provided to all reverenced studies.

Who else agrees?

No independent quotes

HYH Article Breakdown – Eating More Fruit And Vegetables Linked To Better Childhood Mental Health

Eating More Fruit And Vegetables Linked To Better Childhood Mental Health

Maddy Chapman – IFLScience.com

How did they find out?

A self-reporting online survery of ~10000 primary and secondary school pupils (mostly secondary) in Norfolk asking about dietary habits and concomittant age-appropriate questionnaire on mental wellbeing.

Who said so?

Study commisioned by Norfolk County Council Public Health and the Norfolk Safeguarding Children Board. Paper published by academics at Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia

Who else agrees?

No quotes from independent sources

HYH Article Breakdown – Study Discovers Startling Amounts of Microplastics in The Feces of Babies

Study Discovers Startling Amounts of Microplastics in The Feces of Babies

MICHELLE STARR – ScienceAlert.com

How did they find out?

Researchers collected poo from 6 one-year-olds and 10 adults and meconium from 3 newborn babies and measured levels of different plastics by mass spectometry.

Who said so?

Academics at New York University School of Medicine. Link provided to the article published in the journal ‘Environmental Science & Technology Letters’. Article not accessible.

Who else agrees?

No quotes from authors (apart from copied from paper text) or independent researchers